Places to visit in Lisbon, the city of explorers
Lisbon travel guide, the capital of Portugal, the last western country of the European continent. We tour the famous Lisbon elevator, the Tejo river, Estadio de Luz Light Stadium, the National Maritime Museum, the Explorers’ monument, Belem Tower, Salazar Bridge, Libertad Boulevard and Lisbon’s historic city center.
We are in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, which is the last representative of the European continent in the west. The city has a very historical past just like Portugal. Its only neighbor by land is Spain, a European country like itself. It has a close neighborhood with Morocco from the Mediterranean. Lisbon is also the westernmost city of the Portuguese mainland. If we don’t count the Portuguese Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, of course.
Yazı İçeriği / Index
- A Short Lisbon City Tour
- Where is Lisbon?
- Lisbon Travel Guide
- Places to Visit in Lisbon City Center
- Lisbon Museums and Art Galleries
- General Information About Lisbon
- What to Eat in Lisbon What to drink
- Souvenir Selection in Lisbon
- Don’t Forget While Wandering In Lisbon!
A Short Lisbon City Tour
We descend on Lisbon over the Atlantic Ocean and land at Portela Airport. As soon as you set foot in Lisbon, Portugal, at the airport, you feel the historical atmosphere of this city of explorers. How about a city tour in Lisbon with a time-lapse video clip?
This location and associated facilities may be temporarily closed due to the Covid-19 outbreak. For this reason, it is recommended that you plan your journey by getting information before your trip. As soon as possible, it will open its doors to visitors again on healthy days.
Where is Lisbon?
Lisbon Travel Guide
After our customs procedures were completed at Lisbon International “Portela Airport“, we went to the tour bus waiting for us right outside the airport. Our bus captain Luis, who is also Portuguese, invited us to his vehicle with a warm welcome. After getting on the vehicle, our panoramic Lisbon Tour, which lasted about 1 hour, started. Be sure to watch the “Panoramic Lisbon Tour” videos on our Youtube channel.(https://youtu.be/x0qdZDMTJww)
Gerekli süre: 7 saat.
List of Places to Visit in Lisbon
- In Lisbon Belem Area
– Archeology Museum – Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
– Jeronimos Monastery
– Santa Maria de Belem Cathedral
– Pasteis de Belem since 1837
– Planetario Museum
– Belem Tower
– Sea Explorers Monument
– Salazar Bridge (25th April Bridge)
– Ponte Vasco de Gama Bridge
– Sao Jorge Castle & Lisbon Cathedral
- In Lisbon City Center
– Libertad Street
– Lisbon Santa Justa Elevators
– Marques de Pombal Earthquake Monument
– Nostalgic Lisbon Yellow Tram (Tram Line No. 28)
– Alfama Town
– VII. Eduardo Park
– Rossio Train Station and Rossio Square
– Trade Square
– Agusta Street
– Figueira Square
- Museums and Art Galleries
– Berardo Contemporary Art Gallery
– Calouste Gulbenkian Museaum
– Lisbon Antique Museum
– Azulejo Ceramic Museum
– Electricity Museum
1. Archeology Museum – Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
Built in Portugal in the 16th century, this building operates today as an archaeological museum. Entries are paid and only a certain number of visitors are allowed. So this means waiting in line. If you can strain your patience and wait, you will have the opportunity to take a closer look at Portuguese history and even world maritime history.
2. Jeronimos Monastery
This historical building, on the right hand side of the National Archaeological Museum, is a masterpiece on the World Cultural Heritage list. On both sides of the Jeronimos monastery, which has a late period gothic architecture, there are stone buildings built in gothic style. For example, when viewed from the front, you can see the National Archaeological Museum on the left and the “Igreja Santa Maria de Belém“, or St. Belem Church, the building on the right of the monastery.
Here is the sarcophagus tomb of Luis Vas de Camois and Vasco de Gama. Inside the sarcophagus with the sign of Arp, there is the famous Luis Vas de Camois, who is also a writer and poet. On the other sarcophagus, there is a ship symbol. This is also Vasco de Gama’s tomb.
3. Santa Maria de Belem Church
The Saint Maria Church, the last member of the triple structure, is at the top of the places to visit in our Lisbon city tour. As a result, I recommend you to visit these three historical works that shed light on the history of Portugal.
4. Pasteis de Belem since 1837
If you want to taste Lisbon’s famous world-famous cake, on the right side of the Santa Maria de Belem Church is the last stop of the trams. The pastry shop, which is crowded in front of the tram station, is the pastry that produces the best Belem dessert in Lisbon. Pastéis de Belém is on the writer’s sign. Known as the best place to make the historic Belem cake in Lisbon since 1837. Don’t worry about the line stretching under the blue awnings. Because the officials work very fast and the queue is moving very fast for this reason.
The line progresses rapidly and then you suddenly find yourself in Belem Patisserie. Walls decorated with Portuguese tiles and a crispy Belem cake from a traditional oven. Mmm! It has a wonderful smell and taste. Belem cake or according to some people the price of Belem cake is around 1.20 €. When you come to Lisbon, be sure to taste the belem cake. Then you may regret it.
5. Planetario Museum
Our next stop on our Lisbon city tour is “Planetário Calouste Gulbenkian“, the aircraft museum. The most striking part of this museum is the glider-type plane model of Sakadura Malkal, who was the first man to fly from Portugal to Brazil in 1917. He went down in history as the first person in the world to cross the Atlantic Ocean by plane. This flight lasted a total of 21 days and has been included in the history books as the World’s First Flight to Pass the Ocean by Plane.
You will also see a model of Sakura Malkal’s glider-type plane near Belem Tower.
6. Belem Tower
Belem Tower, a naval watchtower built for defense purposes in the Middle Ages, is one of the important places in our list of places to visit in Lisbon. The construction works, which started in 1505 and lasted 10 years, were completed in 1515 and put into use. Even after the Great Portugal Earthquake in 1755, when many buildings were demolished and there was no stone left on stone, it has survived until today.
Although it was originally built on an islet located in the middle of the Tejo River, the waters of the Atlantic Ocean filled up into the river in the big earthquake and changed the geographical shape of this region. It was built on an islet located very close to the shore in this estuary area where the Atlantic Ocean meets. The upper floor of Belem Tower, which is used for surveillance purposes, is designed without a roof. Although it appears to have Gothic architectural features, it was actually made in Manueline style.
If we talk about the historical background of Belem Tower; It was built in reference to the famous seas explorer Vasco de Gama, who lived and died in the 1500s. Today it has become one of the historical and cultural symbols of the city of Lisbon.
Belem tower entrance fee is 8.5 € and under 12 is free.
7. Explorers Monument
Padrão dos Descobrimentos, or the Explorers’ Monument, with its Portuguese name in the Belem region, is within walking distance of the Belem Tower. The explorers monument on the coastline by the Tejo river is also one of the must-see places.
The monument, whose construction began in 1940 and was built in memory of all Portuguese explorers, was put into service in 1960, the 500th anniversary of the famous seafarer Henrique. In fact, it is possible to see the relief sculptures of many Portuguese sailors such as Amerigo Vespuci, the famous explorer who served Portuguese interests despite his Italian origin, Vasco de Gama, who discovered India in 1498, Bartolomeu Dias and Magellan who discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1486.
It is possible to see the ringed astrolabe and horoscope sphere, which has become the symbol of Portugal but used to determine the direction from the positions of the stars in history, in the area where the explorers monument is located. She discovered the “plane astrolabe” by an Umayyad woman named Meryem El Usturlabi for determining the direction of the seas with stars. There is a large cross symbol on the concrete block in the center of the giant explorers monument. It is rumored that they traveled by sea to Japan using the horoscope sphere, which was a later advanced version.
In this large area where the monument is located, there is a world map made of tiles. In this episode, everyone is taking pictures by standing on their own country.
8. Salazar Bridge (25th April Bridge)
An almost identical copy of the red bridge in the US state of Sanfrancisco connects the two banks of the Lisbon Tejo river. This bridge connects Belem and Almada regions. With the popular revolution of the Portuguese on 25 April 1971, they brought the Portuguese state ruled by dictatorship to a new democratic system. This bridge, named after the dictator of this period, Salazar, was named after the revolution after the 25th of April Bridge.
Under the Salazar bridge, the Brazilian boulevard and the suburban train line pass. It is a suspension bridge supported on 3 pillars.
9. Ponte Vasco de Gama Bridge
In Lisbon, there are two bridges, one old and one new, on the Tejo river. The old and short one is called Salazar, the 25th of April bridge. There is also the new and longer Ponte Vasco de Gama bridge. The Vasco de Gama bridge holds the title of the longest bridge in the world with approximately 17 km. Although partially built as a suspension bridge, it stands on buttresses. You can see the Vasco de Gama bridge in this photo I took from the window of our hotel in Lisbon.
10. Sao Jorge Castle & Lisbon Cathedral
Just like Istanbul, the historical castle located on one of the dominant hills of Lisbon, which has seven hills, is worth seeing. If you have the opportunity to enter the castle, climb to the top and let yourself in the insatiable view of Lisbon. You can reach Lisbon castle with a perfect view of the gothic streets by nostalgic tram.
Places to Visit in Lisbon City Center
The city of Lisbon, like many European cities, consists of two different regions, historical and modern. Nowadays, we are going on an unforgettable stroll in Lisbon city center, which stands out with its historical bazaars, boulevards, buildings and statues.
1. Libertad Boulevard
Libertad Boulevard, in terms of freedom, is one of the most important streets of Lisbon. In terms of likeness, there are shops of famous brands on this street, just like Paris Champ Elysees Boulevard. There is also a metro station and a tram line in this area. Libertad Boulevard has great meaning for the Portuguese. Because the popular revolution of the 1970s took place bloodlessly, here on Libertad Boulevard, when the people put cloves on the rifles of the soldiers. The name of the revolution went down in history as the Carnation Revolution. It was used as a symbol even in the national flag of Portugal.
The right lane of Libertad Boulevard is entirely dedicated to public transport, bicycles and battery vehicles. If you use the right lane without permission, you may be charged a hefty penalty. If you only want to use this right lane without traffic, you must have paid for it. In this case, you can easily use the right lane without penalty. A different application 🙂
2. Marques de Pombal Earthquake Memorial
There is the “Markes de Pombal Monument” or “National Earthquake Monument” on Libertad Boulevard, which was built in memory of those who lost their lives in the earthquake. The square where the earthquake monument is located was named after the English king 7th Eduardo.
3. Nostalgic Lisbon Yellow Tram (Tram Line No. 28)
It is possible to visit the city center from beginning to end with tram line number 28, which has become the symbol of Lisbon. The great thing about this tram line is that it runs through the nostalgic Lisbon neighborhood and streets. The yellow nostalgic tram has become one of Lisbon’s symbolic elements in recent years. I highly recommend it especially for those who are curious about the Fado culture. You will see lots of yellow tram decorations in gift shops. In Portugal, the tram is called electric. For this reason, be sure to use the word electric when asking for tram stops and stations in Lisbon.
– Nostalgic Lisbon Tram No.28 –
Respectively Graça, Alfama, Baixa and Bairro Alto district of Lisbon nostalgic tour through a wonderful book that passengers boarding the yellow tram not even the tip of your mind to return to Turkey.
Speaking of the nostalgic tram, do you know why they call the tram “Elektriko” in Portuguese? Since it was the British company Electrico that brought the first tram set to Portugal in history, the tram was given this name among the people.
4.Lisbon Elevator (Elevador De Santa Justa)
It is one of the 20th century neogothic architectural masterpieces. The famous Lisbon Elevator, also called Carmo Lift, was designed by an architect of French origin but living in Portugal. De Santa Justa Elevator, which is one of the places frequented by tourists today, has found itself on the Lisbon Places to Visit list.
5. Electricity Museum
With the invention of electricity towards the end of the 1800s, the Kingdom of Portugal was able to generate electricity by burning oil and coal brought from its colonies in Africa in thermal power plants. The Lisbon Electricity Museum, which symbolizes the developmental cycle of electricity since those ages, has been one of the places that attracted my attention.
6. Alfama Town
If you have enough time, I recommend you to visit the historic Alfama Quarter on the banks of the Tejo river. You will see Alfama Town, which was minimally affected by the great Lisbon earthquake, and the houses in a completely different mood while walking through the historical streets. This is also the homeland of Fado, the traditional music of Portugal. Preferably, I recommend you to visit in the evening and take a closer look at the Fado culture.
Lisbon’s historic city center is almost entirely covered with limestone. The feature of limestone is that its brightness increases as you walk on it. For this reason, limestone stones in places visited by people seem brighter than others.
Lisbon Museums and Art Galleries
Museums and artistic venues are common, especially in the Belem region. Berardo Contemporary Art Gallery, Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon Antiquities Museum and Azelujo Ceramic Museum host art-loving visitors in the Belem region of Lisbon.
General Information About Lisbon
When we look at the recent history of Lisbon, one of the most important events, the earthquake that took place in 1755 and lasted about 6 minutes will have a devastating effect. There is no other earthquake in the history of earthquakes that lasted longer than this. Because of the earthquake that took place in the morning hours on November 1, 1755 and was estimated to be between 8.5 and 9.0 on the Richter scale, Lisbon and its surroundings, so to speak, were left without stones on stone.
Nearly 100 thousand people lost their lives and the tsunamis that occurred reached the shores of Morocco and England. Many buildings, especially historical buildings, were destroyed, and the ocean water filled this region as a result of the collapses in the region where the Tejo river flows into the ocean. For this reason, an estuary has been formed.
With the planned architectural construction that started after the earthquake, which almost completely destroyed Lisbon, the place called today’s Baixa district was formed. This area forms the city center of Lisbon. The famous Rossio and Trade square is located in this area.
Lisbon, which lived under the rule of the Roman Empire for a long time, was the scene of important discoveries and developments in the period of the Andalusian Empire, which was blended with Arab culture in later dates. With the geographical discoveries, it became the economic trade base of Western Europe near the end of the Middle Ages.
You can see the destruction of nature caused by the historic Lisbon earthquake from satellite images, even when you look down from the plane.
It is not known whether the Portuguese King of the time who was caught in the earthquake in Lisbon was afraid, fell into claustrophobia and did not set foot in Lisbon for any reason until his death.
The city of Lisbon has been undergoing regeneration after the most devastating earthquake in history. Although the exterior colors of Lisbon houses are different, the architecture of almost all of them is the same. If the owner is rich, it has a tiled and ceramic exterior. The poor or middle class houses are usually covered with different colors of paint.
Marques de Pombal, the king’s assistant and also an architect, played a major role in the rebuilding of the city. Marques de Pombal is to Lisbon what Hausmann is to France.
Lisbon, which has been home to two great civilizations such as Rome and Andalusia throughout its history, contains masterpieces of Roman, Baroque, Manueline Style and Andalusian architecture in terms of architecture.
The fact that the city consists of hills due to its natural structure always brings to mind its similarities with Istanbul. For this reason, many districts and districts of Lisbon are often compared to neighborhoods and districts in Istanbul. It is as if Beyoğlu resembles Balat district with its avenues, streets and buildings. In fact, it is very interesting, just like Istanbul, Lisbon is a historical city built on seven hills.
Lisbon Football Teams and Famous Stadiums
Lisbon has two world-famous football teams. These are the teams that most of us already know. The first is Benfica and the other is Sporting Lisbon. The name of the stadium belonging to the Benfica team is Estadio de Luz (Stadium of Light).
By the way, I want to share an event that happened with the narration of Rıdvan Dilmen (Turkish Football Player). The symbol of the Benfica football team is an eagle just like Beşiktaş, and this eagle is known to release Benfica to the Işık Stadium before each match and thus make a totem. Years ago, before the Beşiktaş football team will play a derby match in Istanbul İnönü Stadium, this eagle is brought to our country with its caretaker. A few days before the game, an eagle is flown in the turbines of İnönü stadium and the animal gets used to it. Eagle tours the entire stadium, just like the stadium in Lisbon. However, when the day of the competition comes, the packed dollars fly to the place where the meatball restaurants are outside the stadium and the eagle is released as soon as they are released. Beşiktaş’s eagle totem thus ends in failure.
What to Eat in Lisbon What to drink
We came to Lisbon on a panoramic tour and traveled for miles in the city center – but we were hungry. Even if it is the poorest country of the European Economic Organization, do not be afraid you will not go hungry in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.
Fish menus are quite rich. It is possible to find our Sea Bream and Sea Bass fish here easily. However, as they hunt in the ocean, their taste is slightly different than ours.
Known as cod fish (Bacalhau), dried fish is cooked and served 1-2 years later. Dried fish is called “Lakaragau“.
Affordable menu options too. Lisbon is known as Sardine‘s homeland. It is even an iconic culture of Lisbon. In Portugal, sardine is cooked with its internal organs. Therefore, do not eat without cleaning the internal organs while eating sardines. Besides the fish, the famous Port Wine with dessert and sugar and the Belem Pie for dessert make a great menu.
Don’t forget to taste the juicy rice and Tiger Shrimp. You can try live oysters and dead oysters. Mort means dead in Portuguese.
Apart from the Belem dessert, I recommend you to taste handmade ice cream in Lisbon. It tastes fine, if not as good as Roman ice cream.
There are a few local products for Lisbon that can be eaten and bought as a gift. The ones I can recommend to you will be olive oil, marmalade and jams. Both absolutely taste great.
Souvenir Selection in Lisbon
You will see many gift shops just opposite Pasteis de Belem, where you eat the Belem cake to buy souvenirs and shop in the capital of the European Economic Organization, Portugal, the poorest country in Europe. Most of these businesses run by Indian Immigrants. Even if they do not understand when you ask for a discount, emphasize that you are Turkish and ask for a discount. You will see that the price will definitely change downwards. 🙂
You can find almost all kinds of traditional Rooster shaped tiles and trinkets identified with Lisbon, ornaments made of oak cork, yellow tram models and magnets (cabinet decorations).
Don’t Forget While Wandering In Lisbon!
As a result, 1-2 days may not be enough to roam Lisbon street by street. My personal recommendation would be to spare at least 3 full days for sightseeing in Lisbon only. Ignore travel blogs and travel sites in just one of these three days. Get out of the known routes and try to discover new places. Enter the historic streets of Lisbon and get lost. The most beautiful travel memories are always lost and experienced during the traveled times. I have experienced it myself. I suggest you also get lost in Lisbon.
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